Lies and Deceptions of the Roman Catholic Church Part 2
Copyright 1994 - 2018 Bill's Bible Basics

Authored By  :
Bill Kochman

Published On :
April 1, 2010

Last Updated :
April 1, 2010

Peter James & John Led Early Church From Jerusalem Not Rome,
Rome Persecutes Early Christian Church: Nero To Diocletian,
Emperor Nero And Great Fire Of Rome Of 64 AD , The Annals Of
Tacitus, Roman Catholic Church Begins Persecuting Christians
And Other Non-Catholics During 4th Century: Inquisitions,
Christian Crusades, Bloody Mary And The Marian Persecutions,
Foxe's "Book Of Martyrs", Heretical Doctrines Of The Roman
Catholic Church: Transubstantiation, Infallibility Of Pope,
Mary's Alleged Immaculate Conception, Mary's Alleged Bodily
Assumption To Heaven, RCC Boast Of Being Only Vehicle For
Salvation, Supposed Superiority Of Roman Catholic Church,
Holy Trinity Doctrine, False Belief That Water Baptism Is
Necessary For Salvation, Apostolic Succession, Why Jesus
Chose Three Men To Lead First Century Church, Triumvirate
Of The Early Church, Presbyterianism And Elders Of Equal
Status, A Servant Of All, Scriptural Evidence Which Proves
That Paul Was In Rome But Not Peter, Paul And His Writing
Companions, Additional Comments On Apostolic Succession

That these three Apostles -- Peter, James and John -- together
continued to lead and instruct the Early Church from the city
of Jerusalem -- and not from the city of Rome as the RCC likes
to falsely claim -- is rather evident from verses such as the
following, that are found in the Book of Acts, as well as in
Paul's Epistle to the Galatians:

"When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and
disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas,
and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the
apostles and elders about this question . . . And when they
were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and
of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that
God had done with them . . . And the apostles and elders came
together for to consider of this matter . . . Then pleased it
the apostles and elders, with the whole church, to send
chosen men of their own company to Antioch with Paul and
Barnabas; namely, Judas surnamed Barsabas, and Silas, chief
men among the brethren . . . And they wrote letters by them
after this manner; The apostles and elders and brethren send
greeting unto the brethren which are of the Gentiles in
Antioch and Syria and Cilicia . . . And as they went through
the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that
were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at
Acts 15:2, 4, 6, 22-23, 16:4, KJV

"Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles
before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto
Damascus. Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to
see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days. But other of the
apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother."
Galatians 1:17-19, KJV

So exactly where was the spiritual leadership of the Early
Church located? In the previous verses we are told five times
that they were in the city of Jerusalem. The only thing that
the Apostles and Disciples of the Early Church saw emanating
from the evil city of Rome -- and for two hundred and fifty
years no less, from Nero to Diocletian -- was persecution,
torture and death.

It appears that this persecution of Christian Disciples in
Rome may have started as a result of the Great Fire of Rome
of 64 AD. According to certain historical sources, Emperor
Nero, who would have been a young man of twenty-seven years
old at the time, was under suspicion of having committed an
act of arson. Realizing this, he found an easy scapegoat in
the Christians of Rome. Concerning Nero's treachery and this
terrible persecution, in his "Annals", the Roman senator and
historian, Tacitus, writes the following:

----- Begin Quote -----

"Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the
guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class
hated for their abominations, called Christians [or
Chrestians] by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had
its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of
Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius
Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked
for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first
source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things
hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their
centre and become popular. Accordingly, an arrest was first
made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information,
an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime
of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. Mockery of
every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins
of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were
nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to
serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired."

----- End Quote -----

To continue, once the Roman Catholic Church had established
itself during the 4th Century, as I explain in a number of
other articles, it began to persecute, torture and slaughter
all those who opposed its doctrines and practices, including
non-Catholic Christians. Many of these evil acts were done in
the name of supposedly purifying the laity of heresies. It is
an established historical fact that these tragic events did
occur, as is evidenced by the various Inquisitions -- that is
the Medieval, Spanish, Portuguese and Roman Inquisitions --
the so-called "Christian Crusades", the English persecutions
instigated by Bloody Mary during the time of the Reformation
-- referred to as the Marian Persecutions -- and Foxe's Book
of Martyrs. Thus, the so-called "Holy Mother Church" became
the "Holy Terror of Europe" as literally millions have been
persecuted, tortured and murdered during her bloody reign.

What I find so ironic about this bloody history of the Roman
Catholic Church, is that while the Vatican claims that these
actions were necessary to purge out heretical doctrines, to
this day the Roman Catholic Church continues to embrace quite
a few heretical doctrines which find absolutely no support in
the Scriptures. These include, but are not limited to, the

1. Transubstantiation - This is the erroneous belief that
the "holy eucharist" is transformed into the actual body and
blood of Jesus Christ during communion, which is really akin
to cannibalism. The Bible strictly prohibits the drinking of
blood in both the Old and the New Testaments.

2. The infallibility of the pope. Supposedly, because he is
the alleged "Vicar of Christ", the Roman pope never makes a
mistake in his teachings. In fact, devout Roman Catholics are
convinced that the pope's word even supersedes the Bible; so
if there is a doctrinal contradiction, the pope is assumed to
be right. In the Bible, we are told that God magnifies His
Word above His very Name, as we see here:

"I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name
for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast
magnified thy word above all thy name."
Psalms 138:2, KJV

If God Himself magnifies His Word above His very Name, is it
not also right that we should honor and exalt His Word above
the words of any mere human, even if that human is the pope?
Furthermore, if the pope contradicts Biblical teachings, then
he is the liar, and not God. Consider this:

"God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as
it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy
sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged."
Romans 3:4, KJV

3. Mary's so-called "Immaculate Conception". Contrary to the
Scriptures which plainly teach us that we are all born in a
state of sin, this belief teaches that Mary was born without
sin; but please consider Biblical truth:

"Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother
conceive me."
Psalms 51:5, KJV

"For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;"
Romans 3:23, KJV

"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and
death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all
have sinned:"
Romans 5:12, KJV

"Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together
with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)"
Ephesians 2:5, KJV

"Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall
seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot
come . . . I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in
your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die
in your sins."
John 8:21, 24, KJV

4. Mary's so-called bodily "Assumption" to Heaven. Contrary
to the Bible which teaches us that all people die at least
once -- see Hebrews 9:27 -- and that our physical bodies
decay in the ground, Roman Catholic doctrine teaches that
Mary experienced no bodily decay and went straight to Heaven,
both body and spirit. The truth, however, is that the only
people who will not experience physical decay in the ground
are those who are still alive at the time of Christ's Return.
They will be changed instantaneously. Please refer to such
articles as "Death: Final Battle, Final Victory" and "The
Great Tribulation And The Rapture". Following are a few
verses for your consideration:

"Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but
we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an
eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the
dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be
1 Corinthians 15:51, 52, KJV

"For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we
which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall
not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall
descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the
archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ
shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be
caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord
in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."
1 Thessalonians 4:15-17, KJV

5. Mary's perpetual virginity. Contrary to the Scriptures
which strongly suggest that Jesus had at least four brothers
and two sisters, Roman Catholic doctrine teaches that Mary
remained a physical virgin throughout her entire life. For
my views on this topic, please refer to such articles as
"The Family Life Of Jesus Christ". Following are some verses
for you to ponder:

"While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and
his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him."
Matthew 12:46, KJV

"Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called
Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and
Matthew 13:55, KJV

"Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of
James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children."
Matthew 27:56, KJV

"Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of
James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his
sisters here with us? And they were offended at him."
Mark 6:3, KJV

"There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was
Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of
Joses, and Salome;"
Mark 15:40, KJV

"His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go
into Judaea, that thy disciples also may see the works that
thou doest. For there is no man that doeth any thing in
secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou
do these things, shew thyself to the world. For neither did
his brethren believe in him."
John 7:3-5, KJV

"These all continued with one accord in prayer and
supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus,
and with his brethren."
Acts 1:14, KJV

"But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's
Galatians 1:19, KJV

"Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to
them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in
Jesus Christ, and called:"
Jude 1:1, KJV

6. The Roman Catholic Church is the only means for obtaining
Salvation. While the Bible clearly teaches us that Salvation
and Eternal Life is a free Gift of God that anyone can obtain
through their faith in the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ alone,
the Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the only entity
which can dispense this precious gift; and according to them,
receiving it is based in large part on doing so-called "good
works" which in reality annuls the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
But what does the Bible really say? Consider these example

"Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the
life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."
John 14:6, KJV

"For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men,
the man Christ Jesus;"
1 Timothy 2:5, KJV

"But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we
were yet sinners, Christ died for us."
Romans 5:8, KJV

"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of
yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any
man should boast."
Ephesians 2:8-9, KJV

"Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but
according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of
regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;"
Titus 3:5, KJV

For a more in-depth look at God's Plan of Salvation, please
consider reading such articles as "Message to the World" and
"Marriage of the Lamb".

7. The belief that the Roman Catholic Church is superior to
all other Christian churches, which it views as so-called
"lesser brethren". This is contrary to the Scriptures which
teach us that God is no respecter of persons, and that we are
all one through Jesus Christ. The Bible also teaches us that
Christian leaders are not supposed to be lords -- or abusive
-- over the Lord's flocks in any way. The Apostle Peter, who
Roman Catholics claim was their first pope, even wrote:

"Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the
oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for
filthy lucre, [meaning for personal material gain] but of a
ready mind; Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but
being ensamples to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd
shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth
not away. Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the
elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be
clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and
giveth grace to the humble. Humble yourselves therefore
under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due
1 Peter 5:2-6, KJV

"Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I
perceive that God is no respecter of persons:"
Acts 10:34, KJV

"For there is no respect of persons with God."
Romans 2:11, KJV

"And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing
threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven;
neither is there respect of persons with him."
Ephesians 6:9, KJV

Those verses certainly don't seem to be describing the proud
pope in Rome who lives in lavish luxury like royalty, and who
loves to receive presidents and kings alike, and who loves
the praise of men.

8. The doctrine of the Holy Trinity which teaches that the
Godhead consists of three separate but equal beings. Please
refer to my eight-part series entitled "Roman Catholicism,
Water Baptism And The Trinity". The Bible only speaks of
Jesus Christ sitting on the Right Hand of God. There is no
one sitting on the Left Hand of God as far as we know.

9. The belief that water baptism is necessary in order to
obtain Salvation. Again, please refer to my eight-part series
entitled "Roman Catholicism, Water Baptism And The Trinity".
Either the Blood Sacrifice of Jesus Christ is sufficient for
our Salvation, or else it isn't; and if we choose to believe
the latter -- which I don't -- then that means that He died
in vain. As the Apostle Paul wrote, either we are saved by
the Grace of God through the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ, or
else we are saved through our own works. It can't be both:

"And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise
grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no
more grace: otherwise work is no more work."
Romans 11:6, KJV

10. The doctrine of so-called "Apostolic Succession". This
Roman Catholic lie claims that there has been an unbroken
line of Roman popes since the time of the Apostle Peter. It
loses all validity once we prove that Peter never went to
Rome, and he most certainly was not the first pope of the
Roman Catholic Church, as this series seeks to prove.

But let us return to the issue of the top leadership of the
First Century Church. Exactly why Jesus chose three men, and
not just one man -- the alleged Pope Peter -- to lead the
Early Church, becomes evident when we carefully study the
Scriptures. Consider the following examples:

"One witness shall not rise up against a man for any
iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the
mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses,
shall the matter be established."
Deuteronomy 19:15, KJV

"Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude
of counsellors there is safety."
Proverbs 11:14, KJV

"Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the
multitude of counsellors they are established."
Proverbs 15:22, KJV

"For by wise counsel thou shalt make thy war: and in
multitude of counsellors there is safety."
Proverbs 24:6, KJV

"Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on
earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be
done for them of my Father which is in heaven. For where two
or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the
midst of them."
Matthew 18:19-20, KJV

"This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of
two or three witnesses shall every word be established."
2 Corinthians 13:1, KJV

"Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two
or three witnesses. Them that sin rebuke before all, that
others also may fear."
1 Timothy 5:19-20, KJV

"He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or
three witnesses:"
Hebrews 10:28, KJV

It occurs to me that by choosing three of His most trusted
followers -- that is, Peter, James and John -- to lead the
First Century Church, it may be that Jesus ensured that they
would not only keep a check on each other, so that one man
would not assume too much power and become a lord over God's
heritage -- like the Roman Catholic pope -- but that through
united counsel and prayer, they could also better determine
what was the best course of action to take for the fledging
Christian Church.

It is plain to see from the verses that we examined earlier,
that Peter, James and John shared the responsibilities of
instructing and guiding the Early Church during the First
Century. Furthermore, they accomplished this from the city
of Jerusalem, and not from Rome, as the Roman Catholic
Church would have us to believe. Just as the Roman Empire
had its triumvirate for a time -- Julius Caesar, Pompey and
Crassus being the first -- the Early Church likewise had its
own triumvirate in the form of Peter, James and John. If we
examine his writings, we see that Peter refers to himself as
"an elder" in the company of other elders. Nowhere do we see
Peter claiming some exalted position or special privilege as
the first pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Peter writes:

"The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an
elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a
partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:"
1 Peter 5:1, KJV

In the previous verse, the word "elder" is translated from
the Greek word "sumpresbuteros". The Greek lexicon defines it
as meaning "a fellow elder". The very nature of that phrase
conveys the idea of equality, and not of superiority. Some of
you may recognize this Greek word as the root for our English
word "Presbyterian", which denotes a Christian denomination
that's governed by a group of elders of equal rank, according
to the principles of Presbyterianism. Let us also not forget
that Jesus said:

". . . If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last
of all, and servant of all."
Mark 9:35b, KJV

"And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant
of all."
Mark 10:44, KJV

So the idea of the Apostle Peter being exalted as the alleged
first pope of the Roman Catholic Church is totally contrary
to the teachings of Jesus Christ, as well as contrary to the
teachings of the men who followed in His footsteps. Now, if
we consider the degree of importance that the Roman Catholic
Church attributes to this alleged historical event, one would
think that surely the Scriptures would offer some evidence to
substantiate and support it; and yet, they are silent. Why is
this? Is it perhaps because the Apostle Peter's alleged trip
to Rome, and his becoming the first pope, is merely a subtle
invention of the Roman Catholic Church? In stark contrast, in
studying the Scriptures, we can learn a great deal about the
missionary journeys of the Apostle Paul -- including the fact
that on more than one occasion, he was in Rome. This fact is
clarified for us by the following verses:

"To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord
Jesus Christ . . . So, as much as in me is, I am ready to
preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also."
Romans 1:7, 15, KJV

"Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your
spirit. Amen. [To the Galatians written from Rome.]"
Galatians 6:18, KJV

"Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in
sincerity. Amen. [To the Ephesians written from Rome, by
Ephesians 6:24, KJV

"The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
[To the Philippians written from Rome, by Epaphroditus.]
Philippians 4:23, KJV

"The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds.
Grace be with you. Amen. [Written from Rome to Colossians by
Tychicus and Onesimus.]
Colossians 4:18, KJV

"But, when he was in Rome, he sought me out very diligently,
and found me."
2 Timothy 1:17, KJV

"The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with
you. Amen. [The second epistle unto Timotheus, ordained the
first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written
from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second
2 Timothy 4:22, KJV

"The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.
Amen. [Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a
Philemon 1:25, KJV

As a matter of clarification, allow me to inform you that it
is commonly believed that the Apostle Paul did not personally
write all of his Epistles. Due to his poor eyesight -- which
may have possibly been a result of the incident on the road
to Damascus where the Lord struck down Paul, and left him
blind for three days -- Paul was forced to dictate a number
of his Epistles to his traveling companions. At any rate, as
you can determine by the above verses, we know with absolute
certainty that Paul was in Rome, while Peter's presence in
Rome is rather doubtful. Doesn't the fact that we have clear
Biblical evidence to support the view that Paul was in Rome,
while not a single verse even hints at Peter being in Rome,
strike you as being odd?

Again, in my view, the obvious answer seems to be that Peter
never traveled to Rome, and that his story of traveling to
Rome is an evil invention of the Roman Catholic Church; the
obvious purpose of which is to try to add some degree of
legitimacy to the Roman papacy, and the so-called doctrine
of "Apostolic Succession", which falsely claims that there
has been an unbroken line of Roman popes since Peter. As I
noted earlier, the minute that we disprove the Peter-in-Rome
idea, the Apostolic Succession doctrine simply falls apart,
just like a deck of cards. The Roman Catholic hierarchy in
Rome doesn't have a legitimate leg to stand on, and it is
time that everyone woke up to this fact.

Please go to part three for the continuation of this series.

⇒ Go To The Next Part . . .

BBB Tools And Services

Please avail yourself of other areas of the Bill's Bible Basics website. There are many treasures for you to discover.